Publication Fees


Journal articles are published under three business models:

  1. Subscriber pays: Subscription articles whose publication is funded by payments that are made by subscribing individuals, libraries or institutions. The payment is frequently through an annual subscription Such journals can be produced in paper and/or electronic format.
  2. Author pays: Open access articles whose publication is funded by payments that are made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as Article Publishing Charges (APCs) [also known as a publication fee]. Many open access publishers, such as PLOS, waive their APCs for those who cannot afford to pay them.
  3. Hybrid open access: It is possible to have a mix of subscriber-pays and author-pays elements.


Different academic publishers have widely varying levels of APCs, from under $100 to over $3000. High fees are sometimes charged by traditional publishers in order to publish in a hybrid open access journal, which make an individual article in a subscription journal open access. The average APC for hybrid journals has been calculated to be almost twice as high as APCs from full open access publishers. Journals with high impact factors from major publishers tend to have the highest APCs.

Even when publishers do not charge APCs, excess or over-length fees might still apply after a certain number of pages or publication units is exceeded; additional fees might exist for color figures, primarily for print journals that are not online-only.

PLOS Publication Fees

To provide Open Access, PLOS uses a business model to offset expenses—including those of peer review management, journal production and online hosting and archiving—by charging a publication fee to the authors, institutions or funders for each article published.

Authors’ ability to pay publication fees will never be a consideration in the decision whether to publish.

Publication fees vary by journal. Fees are per article and and are billed upon acceptance. There are no additional charges based on color, length, figures, or other elements.



PLOS Biology

$2,900 USD

PLOS Medicine

$2,900 USD

PLOS Computational Biology

$2,250 USD

PLOS Genetics

$2,250 USD

PLOS Pathogens

$2,250 USD

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

$2,250 USD


$1,495 USD

PLOS has specific terms and publication charges for articles that are part of a Special Collection. To find out more visit the Special Collection Fees page.

Publication Fee Support

PLOS believes that lack of funds should not be a barrier to Open Access publication. Since its inception, PLOS has provided individual fee support and institutional fee support programs. The current offering includes:

  • PLOS Global Participation Initiative (Low- and Middle-Income Country Assistance)

Authors' research which is funded primarily (50% or more of the work contained within the article) by an institution or organization from eligible low- and middle-income countries will receive partial (group 2 countries) or full (group 1 countries) fee funding paid by the PLOS Global Participation Initiative (GPI). Group 2 PLOS GPI country authors who need to request additional support should apply for PLOS Publication Fee Assistance instead of the PLOS GPI.

  • PLOS Publication Fee Assistance (PFA)

Publication Fee Assistance is intended for authors who demonstrate financial need. Information about an applicant's application status for fee assistance will not be disclosed to journal editors or reviewers. PLOS publication decisions will continue to be based solely on editorial criteria.

  • PLOS Institutional Fee Support Program

PLOS currently offers an institutional program to support Open Access scientific publishing. Participating institutions have arrangements with PLOS to administer payment for full publication fees for their institutions' authors. To be eligible, authors must be a corresponding author affiliated with the institution or agency in the Institutional Account Program (fully paid or restricted). (Special note to UK authors — certain institutions will restrict payment to cover for Wellcome Trust and RCUK research grant recipients only.) Authors who need to request additional support should apply for PLOS PFA.

  • Additional External Funds

Authors may also be eligible for direct funding from their institution or funder, which may be different from the PLOS Institutional program. See additional Open Access funds for examples. To confirm amounts and details of funding and eligibility, contact the organization as indicated.

  • Learn More

Read more about publication fees on the PLOS website.

Questions about a bill or invoice? Please contact the Author Billing department. Journal staff are unable to assist with billing and payment queries. Email:

Wiley Open Access

To cover publication costs Wiley Open Access journals charge an article publication charge (APC). APCs vary by journal.

Download the APC list for Wiley Open Access Journals

Developing Country Waivers and Discounts

For all Wiley Open Access journals, automatic APC waivers and discounts will be given to authors from countries on the Waivers and Discounts List. Authors should submit a waiver or discount request during the submission of their article.

Payment of publication charges

When submitting an article to a Wiley Open Access journal, the submitting author must agree to pay the publication charge minus any eligible discount (or request a waiver). After acceptance the article will enter the production cycle and the author will be asked to pay the publication charge for the journal minus any eligible discount. When final formatting corrections are made and the author approves their article for publication, payment of the publication charge must be received before the article will be published online.

Payment can be made by any of the following methods:

  • Credit card payment can be made online using a secure payment form.
  • Cheque, purchase order, or institutional invoice (payment is due within 30 days).

Prompt payment is advised, as the article will not be published until payment is received.


You will be quoted/charged our US Dollars, Euro or GB Pounds rate dependant on your location as follows:

  • GB Pounds £: United Kingdom
  • Euro €: Euro Zone
  • US Dollars $: All other countries

Springer Open

Article processing charges

All articles published in our journals are open access and freely available online, immediately upon publication. This is made possible by an article-processing charge (APC) that covers the range of publishing services we provide. This includes provision of online tools for editors and authors, article production and hosting, liaison with abstracting and indexing services, and customer services. The APC, payable when your manuscript is editorially accepted and before publication, is charged to either you, or your funder, institution or employer.

APCs vary by journal; visit our journal pages for individual journal fees.

Can charges be waived if I lack funds?

We consider individual waiver requests on a case-by-case basis and they may be granted in cases of lack of funds. To apply for a waiver please request one during the submission process. A decision on the waiver will normally be made within two working days.

I am from a low-income country; do I have to pay an APC?

We will provide an automatic waiver if you are based in a country which is classified by the World Bank as a low-income or a lower-middle-income economy with a GDP of less than $200bn. See here for further information and a full list of qualifying countries.

PeerJ Open Access publication prices

PeerJ $1,095**

  • Peer-reviewed in biology, medicine, and the life sciences
  • Median first-decision time of ~27 days
  • Indexed in PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, ...
  • Beautiful and highly readable PDF design
  • Citation and other article-level reports

Helpful links- Author guidelines | Editorial Board | Latest articles

ELSEVIER Article Publishing Charges

Price setting

Elsevier publishes journal articles under two separate business models:

  1. Subscription articles whose publication is funded by payments that are made by subscribing individuals or institutions.
  2. Open access articles whose publication is funded by payments that are made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as Article Publishing Charges (APCs).

Elsevier separately calculates pricing for each of these business models. Subscription prices are set independent of open access articles, and open access articles are not considered when setting subscription prices. Elsevier has a no double dipping policy, which enshrines this principle. Read Elsevier’s no double dipping policy.

Article Publishing Charges (APCs)

Irrespective of the publishing model chosen by the author, our goal is to ensure articles are published as quickly as possible, subject to appropriate quality controls, and widely disseminated. Where an author has chosen to publish open access, which typically involves the upfront payment of an article publishing charge (APC), we will also make their article immediately and freely available upon publication on Science Direct, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license attached to it. Elsevier’s APC prices are set on a per journal basis, ranging from $500 -$5,000 US Dollars with prices clearly displayed on our APC price list and on journal homepages.

Adjustments in Elsevier’s APC prices are under regular review and are subject to change. We set APC prices based on the following criterion which is applied to open access articles only:

  • Journal impact factor;
  • The journal’s editorial and technical processes;
  • Competitive considerations;
  • Market conditions;
  • Other revenue streams associated with the journal.

A small percentage of titles may also support more than one APC, for example when a journal supports one or more article types that require different APCs. Variations* in pricing will be clearly displayed on journal homepages.

Download 2016 APC prices (PDF)


If an author would like their article to be published under a gold open access model, but cannot afford the APC, then individual waiver requests are considered on a case-by-case basis and may be granted in cases of genuine need. Priority for this waiver program will be given to applications by authors from countries eligible for the Research4Life program.

Funding body agreements

Elsevier has established funding body agreements to help authors comply with the open access requirements of the major funding bodies. In some cases, funding bodies will reimburse the APC paid by the authors.


*Please note: While it is not Elsevier’s policy to vary our APC prices based on the user license chosen by the author, we also publish journals on behalf of learned societies or other third parties who reserve the right to determine their own prices and pricing policies. Any deviations in pricing from Elsevier’s standard APC price list per journal will be clearly displayed on the journal’s homepage.

Reimbursement policy

To ensure Elsevier does not charge twice for the same article, we will fully refund an APC when alternative funding is provided for the open access article. For example, where an open access article is part of a Special Issue which is later made available in its entirety on an open access basis, such as through sponsorship by an organization, we will fully refund individual APCs paid by an author or on their behalf.